Clifford E. Nichols is a member of the Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma and has always been interested in art. His work has been shown in museums and galleries throughout the Northwest and Southwest. The silk scarves he creates are made by drawing with ‘Gutta Resist’ and afterwards, the colors are made by using silk-safe liquid dyes or leaving the natural white of the silk showing. He sometimes uses salt on top of the wet dye to produce a pattern, particularly with the salmon/fish scarves to mimic water. His three dimensional wood rattles are hand carved from a single piece of wood. They are often adorned with real horsehair and copper. Nichols was born on August 31, 1940 in Mojave, California. He attended schools in Richland, Washington. Today he, his wife Melinda, and their daughter Madeline live in North Bend, Washington.